To maintain good oral hygiene is to keep one’s mouth free of diseases and other problems by cleansing the oral cavity thoroughly. It is done by regularly brushing the teeth and cleaning between them with floss, interdental brush, etc. Good oral hygiene also prevents the problem of bad breath.
The diseases caused due to poor orodental hygiene are:
Tooth decay (cavities, dental caries)
The softening of the tooth enamel is known as tooth decay. It is caused by the acids produced by the bacteria in the plaque by breakdown of sugars. If the decay is not treated, a hole is created in the tooth and a cavity is formed which gradually destroys the whole tooth. The cavity causes symptoms like pain, increased sensitivity and pus around the tooth.
Gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums around the base of the tooth due to the bacteria in the plaque. The inflammation causes redness, swelling, and irritation. If left untreated, gingivitis leads to periodontitis and tooth loss. The gums become red, tender and puffy, and bleed easily while brushing.
Poor oral hygiene is also associated with systemic diseases like bacterial pneumonia, infective endocarditis, osteoporosis etc.